Winter travel safety & survival tips

Information collected by Patti Newton
Lake Health District

The National Weather Service has issued a winter storm warning for Friday and Saturday that includes Lake County. We can expect 4 to 8 inches of snow, and the Weather Services warns drivers to be prepared for winter driving conditions.

Lake Health District’s risk management officer Patti Newton shared these tips originally compiled by the Minnesota Department of Public Safety to help travelers stay safe this season.

Whatever you drive, make sure your vehicle is ready to travel this winter. ( photos )

Whatever you drive, make sure your vehicle is ready to travel this winter. ( photos)

Winter survival in your car

Everyone should be cautious about traveling in extreme winter weather. Cold, snow, and ice are demanding on cars, drivers and passengers. Cold affects metal, rubber, and other materials in your car. It can reduce the effectiveness of your vehicle’s battery by at least 50 percent. It can freeze tires and keep them flat on the bottom for at least the first half-mile of travel. It can thicken your car’s lubricants, making the engine work too hard.

Most importantly, extreme winter weather can threaten your life. Follow these tips to stay safe as you drive:

Plan before you travel

Simple planning can save you trouble and even save your life.

Prepare your vehicle

Be sure your vehicle is in good winter driving condition. Take along the emergency equipment referred to in this booklet and keep it accessible. Keep your gas tank at least one-half full.

Be aware of the weather

Listen to forecasts, road reports, and storm warnings. Dress appropriately. Pack extra scarves and mittens. Allow extra time for trips in severe weather.

Make yourself easy to find

Tell someone where you are going and the route you will take. Report your safe arrival. If you stall or get stuck, tie a colored banner (from your winter survival kit — see below) to your antenna or hang it out a window. At night, remove the cover from your dome light and turn the light on. Road crews or rescue units can see a small glow at a considerable distance. To reduce battery drain, use emergency flashers only if you hear approaching vehicles. Keep one person on watch; don’t let everyone rest at the same time.

Stay in your vehicle

Walking in a storm can be very dangerous. You might lose your way or become exhausted, collapse and risk your life. Your vehicle is a good shelter.

Avoid overexertion

Shoveling snow or repositioning your car by pushing it takes a lot of effort in storm conditions. You could risk heart attack or injury. Take it easy!

Keep cool — two ways

1. Calm down and think. The storm will end, and you will be found.

2. Don’t work enough to get hot and sweaty. Wet clothing loses insulation value, making you susceptible to hypothermia.

Keep fresh air in your vehicle

It’s much better to be cold and awake than comfortably warm and sleepy. Wet or wind-driven snow can plug your vehicle’s exhaust system and cause deadly carbon monoxide gas to enter your vehicle. Don’t run the engine unless you are sure the exhaust pipe is free of snow. Keep snow off the radiator to prevent the engine from overheating.

Stay warm without fuel

Keep your blood circulating freely by loosening tight clothing, changing positions frequently and moving your arms and legs. Huddle close to one another. Rub your hands together or put them in your armpits or between your legs. Remove your shoes occasionally and rub your feet.

Don’t expect to be comfortable

The challenge is to survive until you’re found.  

Make sure to clear the snow off your vehicle before you venture out. You want to be able to see and, just as importantly, you want other drivers to see you.

Make sure to clear the snow off your vehicle before you venture out. You want to be able to see and, just as importantly, you want other drivers to see you.

Winter driving tips

Be able to see and be seen

Clean frost and snow off all windows, mirrors, lights, and reflectors. Equip your car with good wiper blades and keep an ample supply of windshield washer fluid. If visibility is poor, use headlamps.

Get a feel for the road

When you first start out, accelerate carefully to test wheel-spin and brake gently to test skidding.

Be gentle

Use the accelerator and brakes slowly to maintain control of your vehicle. Fast acceleration can make wheels spin on ice and snow. Brake with a gentle pumping action. Stepping too hard on the pedal will lock the brakes and cause loss of steering control.

Increase your following distance

Ice or snow can multiply your stopping distance up to ten times.

Make turns slowly and gradually

Heavily traveled intersections can become polished and slick. Brake before you come to a curve, not while you are in it.

Turn in the direction of the skid

If the rear of your car begins to slide, turn into the direction of the skid. Expect a second skid as the car straightens out, and be prepared to counter this sliding action.

Scattered slippery spots

Icy spots on the road surface can cause loss of steering control. Do not use your brake. Take your foot off the gas and steer as straight as possible until your car slows to a safe speed.

Avoiding a collision

In an emergency situation, you can intentionally steer your car off the road and into a snow bank. You may get stuck, but you’ll avoid a crash.

Your winter survival kit should include sleeping bags or blankets.

Your winter survival kit should include sleeping bags or blankets.

Make a winter driving survival kit

Use an empty 3-pound coffee can or any similar container with a plastic cover to store the following items:

  • Small candles and matches

  • Small, sharp knife and plastic spoons

  • Red bandanna or cloth

  • Pencil and paper

  • Large plastic garbage bag

  • Safety pins

  • Whistle

  • Snacks

  • Cellphone adapter to plug into lighter

  • Plastic flashlight and spare batteries. Reverse batteries in the flashlight to avoid accidental switching and burnout. Warm batteries before using them.

Store safety items in the passenger compartment when severe winter weather threatens in case the trunk is jammed or frozen shut. Choose small packages of food that you can eat hot or cold. Suggested food items:

  • Raisins in small packets

  • Semi-sweet chocolate in pieces for sharing

  • Miniature candy bars

  • Chewing gum

  • Wrapped hard candies

  • Food bars

  • Canned soup, meat and poultry

Store bulky and heavy items in an accessible place:

  • 30-foot cord to use as homing line when you must exit the vehicle

  • Booster cables

  • Basic tools

  • Sand, cat litter, or other grit in a plastic milk carton

  • Shovel

  • Tow cables or chain

  • Sleeping bag or blankets

  • Road flares and reflectors

  • Snowmobile suit and heavy boots

Your first option when you get stuck: Call 911 or dial 0.

Your first option when you get stuck: Call 911 or dial 0.

If you get stuck

If you become stranded, you may be able to dial 911 or 0 to reach an operator. When you talk with authorities:

  • Provide information on your location, the condition of all persons in the vehicle, and the problem you are experiencing.

  • Follow instructions; you may be told to stay where you are and wait for rescuers.

  • Do not hang up until you know who you have spoken with and what will happen next.

  • If you must leave your vehicle, write down your name, address, phone number, and destination. Place the piece of paper ins